VES used a December 2016 Department of Education study to estimate the number of schools that would be affected by including GI Bill and Defense Department tuition and fee payments in the 90 cap on for-profit schools’ federal revenue. We then identified those same schools in the GI Bill Comparison Tool database to estimate the number of beneficiaries who were enrolled in 2018, the most current, publicly available, enrollment data for individuals receiving education benefits.

VES analysis of Dec.2016 ED data on impact of closing 90_10 loophole v.3