Original Research from Veterans Education Success


Veterans Education Success performs non-partisan, academic research and analysis of higher education policy issues that matter to military-connected students.

Quality of Education & Student Outcomes

School Accountability & Student Protections

GI Bill & Military Education Benefits

The 85-15 Rule and Related GI Bill Safeguards

The impact of the 85-15 rule—a requirement that education programs enroll at least 15% non-veterans to ensure schools are not bilking VA, as occurred after WWII—has evolved over time. This Issue Brief presents the Congressional [...]


Short fact sheets on key issues.

GI Bill Payments and Enrollment, Fiscal Years 2009 to 2018

Total GI Bill payments and enrollment grew significantly after the implementation of the Post-9/11 GI Bill educational benefits in August 2009. Eighty three percent of the $105 billion in expenditures on educational benefits from Fiscal Year 2009 to 2018 were for veterans and eligible family members using the Post-11 GI [...]

Analysis of the Impact of Closing the 90/10 Loophole

We used a December 2016 Department of Education study to estimate the number of schools that would be affected by including GI Bill and Defense Department tuition and fee payments in the 90 cap on for-profit schools' federal revenue. We then identified those same schools in the GI Bill Comparison [...]

Advice for Accreditors

Recruiting practices by institutions of higher learning is an area fraught with deceptive and misleading practices, due to a number of competing incentives. While veteran recruiting practices differ from civilian recruiting in some respects – recruitment at military bases, discounts offered for veterans, focus on the military friendly culture of [...]

The Incentive Compensation Ban and Its Importance to Veterans

The incentive compensation ban is a provision of Title IV of the Higher Education Act. It prohibits schools from using incentive compensation to pay employees working in recruitment and financial aid. Schools, in other words, cannot pay employees based on how many students are recruited or receive federal student aid [...]

The Borrower Defense Rule and Its Importance to Veterans

The Borrower Defense Rule gives the Education Department the authority to forgive federal student loans for students that prove their debt was incurred because they were defrauded by a school. It has been in place for over two decades. The Rule was clarified in late 20161 in the wake of the [...]

The Gainful Employment Rule and Its Importance to U.S. Veterans

The Gainful Employment Rule, finalized in 2014 and upheld by federal courts multiple times, implements the requirement in the Higher Education Act that career education programs (whether for-profit, public, or non-profit) must “prepare students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation." The rule applies to specific programs within a school, but [...]


Veterans Education Success prepares legal analysis and trends in veteran student complaints.

Summary of Veteran and Servicemember Student Complaints about American InterContinental University

Summary of Veteran and Servicemember Student Complaints about American InterContinental University February 2020 As part of the free legal assistance we provide to students, Veterans Education Success receives complaints from students using veterans’ benefits, such as the GI Bill, to attend colleges and universities around the country.   We received 144 veteran [...]

Law Enforcement Actions Against Predatory Colleges

This document summarizes government actions against predatory colleges, providing links to the government actions.   Law Enforcement Actions Against Predatory Colleges (updated December 2019) ACADEMY OF ART UNIVERSITY, SAN FRANCISCO  City Attorney of San Francisco 2016 lawsuit brought by City Attorney of San Francisco for violating city land-use rules. Settled [...]

Army.com List of Partner Schools Exposed

The Federal Trade Commission shut down a number of copycat military websites in September of 2018. This report examines one of those websites, Army.com, and the list of partner schools it displayed while in operation.

Veteran and Servicemember Complaints about Misconduct and Illegal Practices at Trident University

Forty-six military-connected students, however, have submitted complaints to Veterans Education Success (VES) about various issues they allegedly experienced with Trident. In one way or another, those complaints indicate that Trident does not necessarily live up to its claims about its university. This document describes and organizes those complaints by the [...]

Piercing the Veil of Covert For-Profit Colleges

Recent efforts by certain predatory for-profit colleges to convert to nonprofit status1 raises the question of whether the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) can continue to exercise jurisdiction over those entities’ misleading and deceptive recruiting practices. The Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 41-58, grants the FTC enumerated powers [...]

Harvard Law School Report: Veteran and Servicemember Complaints about Misconduct and Illegal Practices at Kaplan Schools

In 2017, Veterans Education Success contracted with Harvard Law School's Project on Predatory Lending to analyze  complaints against Kaplan brought to Veterans Education Success by student veterans. For-profit schools have garnered significant attention for their illegal practices and their unfair, deceptive, and misleading conduct. In particular, there is serious concern [...]


Research and reports from other sources.


Veterans Affairs

Education Department

Department of Defense

Government Accountability Office

Other Government

Non-Government Organizations


Policy issues of Veterans Education Success

Veterans Education Success works to improve post-secondary quality and student outcomes to ensure military-connected students enjoy a solid education leading to a successful civilian career. You will find research reports and coalition letters related to college quality and student outcomes.

Veterans Education Success seeks to ensure students have adequate protections and rights and also believes bad actor colleges should be held accountable if they’ve trampled on students’ rights.  You will find research reports and coalition letters related to student protections and college accountability.

Vterans Education Success works to protect the GI Bill and other federal education benefits.